what is hay pellet machine?
The hay pellet mill is specially designed for pelleting hay into pellets for feed or for heating fuel. Traditionally, hay or hay pellets are used as feed for cattle, rabbits, sheep, etc. But recently, the need to use hay pellets for heating is emerging. Raw hay fodder mainly consists of grasses and other herbs that are dried, compressed and stored as animal feed. Traditional hay is usually bundled and compressed into bales for easy storage and stacking. Although compressed to a certain extent, the degree of compression is small and requires a large amount of storage space.
the hay pellet machine can also process other raw materials, such as crop straw, rice husk, grass, alfalfa, leaves, sawdust, sawdust, etc. It is possible to mix hay with other materials to improve nutritional value. The small hay pellet machine is in flat mode with small size, easy to operate, which is suitable for small-scale production such as farmers, households, and fuel pellet manufacturers. The gearbox of this hay pellet making machine adopts gray cast iron bevel gear transmission, which has high efficiency, long service life and low noise.
Generally, the farm will roll the hay into a roll. If the internal feed moisture is too high, it is easy to cause mildew and deterioration, and it is easy to breed bacteria and parasites. The consumption of livestock will cause gastrointestinal discomfort. The hay can retain a certain amount of moisture inside, but the outside will become dry over time, there is no moisture, the taste is not good, and the livestock naturally do not like to eat it.
because final hay pellets for feed made by hay pellet machine is unique shape pellets with mixture of other ingredients to make animals nutritionally balanced, and final hay pellets for feed has other benefits like high utilization rate and transform rate,storage conveniently, increase palatability and improve quality of the alfalfa, straw, grass, rice husk, increase the digestibility, sterilization and disinfection, at now more and more farmers are using hay pellet making machine to process hay into hay pellets to feed cattle and sheep.
features of hay pellet making machine
The hay pellet mill generates high temperature during operation, which can effectively kill pathogenic microorganisms such as parasite eggs in the hay, making the feed cleaner and hygienic. Due to the high temperature in the pelleting process, the pellet is cooked, the pellet is more fragrant. The hay pellet machine is composed of a hay pellet mill frame, a large reduction box, a bearing chamber, a feed cover, a discharge part, a motor, a pressing roller assembly, and a mold.
The hay pellet machine is directly connected to the motor. The motor is connected to the shaft of the reducer through a gear coupling. After reversing 90°, the horizontal motor drives the vertical casting hollow conveying spindle, and the spindle drives the roller to roll the mold. The inner surface completes the making hay pellets process.
avantages of making hay pellets for feed
Hay,according to Wikipedia, is grass, legumes, or other herbaceous plants that have been cut and dried to be stored for use as animal fodder, either for large grazing animals raised as livestock, such as cattle, horses, goats, and sheep, or for smaller domesticated animals such as rabbits and guinea pigs. Pigs can eat hay, but do not digest it as efficiently as herbivores do.
Hay can be used as animal fodder when or where there is not enough pasture or rangeland on which to graze an animal, when grazing is not feasible due to weather (such as during the winter), or when lush pasture by itself would be too rich for the health of the animal. It is also fed when an animal is unable to access pasture—for example, when the animal is being kept in a stable or barn.
Hay supplies are abundant in summer and short in winter. Haystacks take up too much space. Some hay is too rough to be eaten directly. Pelletizing hay can solve these problems. During making hay pellets for fuel and feed with hay pellet machine, high temperature and pressure promote starch gelatinization in the hay, making it easier for animals to digest. Hay pellets produced by hay pellet machine taste better than hay. Livestock eat more and grow faster.
It takes longer for livestock to chew alfalfa straw husk pellets, which increases the secretion of more amylase in their mouths, stimulates their gut motility, and increases the digestibility of nutrients. In addition, during the pressing process of rice husk, straw, hay and alfalfa pellets, after high temperature and high pressure treatment through hay pellet machine, the substances that hinder the digestion of nutrients are passivated, and the digestibility of the forage can also be increased. During the pressing process, the rice husk, straw, hay, and alfalfa pellets are heated at 70°C to 100°C for a short time, which can kill some parasitic eggs and reduce diseases.
hay pellet can increase its bulk density, thereby improving storage and reducing transportation costs. The energy contained in hay is highly concentrated, providing a fuel with very good energy quality, heat and minimal ash. At the same time, ash from burning pellets can be used as fertilizer for plant growth.
Wide range of uses
In addition to being used as fuel pellets, hay pellets can also be used as litter for horses and litter for small pets. Because hay pellets are pure natural products, without additives, and with good hygiene, they are the best products for animal bedding. hay pellets can also be used as animal feed.
Farmers leave behind a large amount of hay waste after harvesting their crops, especially large amounts of hay. If not treated, it is likely to cause environmental pollution. At this time, hay processing can not only protect the environment, but also obtain economic benefits as a by-product.
avantages of making hay pellets for fuel
Pellet fuel is a renewable, clean-burning, and cost-stable alternative to home heating, currently in use across North America. It is a biomass product made from renewable materials, usually recycled hay waste. In the United States, approximately 1,000,000 households use hay pellets for heating in freestanding stoves, fireplace inserts, furnaces and boilers. Pellet fuel for heating can also be found in large-scale settings such as schools and prisons. North American pellets are produced at manufacturing facilities in Canada and the United States and are available at fireplace dealers, nurseries, building supply stores.
Hay is a common biomass in our daily life, and not everyone who has hay raises cattle. Therefore, they do not need to manufacture feed pellets. However, most households need fuel for heating or cooking in the winter. In this case, hay pellets play an important role in reducing fuel costs! Raw materials are cheap. As mentioned above, hay is available almost everywhere and doesn’t even cost anything! You only pay for auxiliary equipment like hay pellet mill and hammer mills.Hay pellets are green. Its greenhouse gas emissions are only 10% of coal, which can reach the national greenhouse gas emission limit. So hay pellets are an environmentally friendly fuel source.
how to make hay pellets for feed and fuel
First, make sure you have plenty of materials. A hammer mill crusher is then required to prepare the raw material (less than 10mm in length) for pelleting.
Second, These small particles are then pulverized into powder with a hammer mill (less than 3mm in diameter).
Thirdly, a dryer is needed to keep the moisture content of the hay around 15%.
After all this is done, the material is fully available to hay pellet production. The hay is fed into the hay pellet machine and the power will be compressed into density pellets. This is not the end! The pellets coming out of the hay pelletizer mill are very hot (about 85 degrees). You should use a cooler to cool the pellets to 35 degrees. The cooled granules need to be packed in a packaging machine before long-term storage.
specification of hay pellet mill
electric hay pellet mill
diesel engine hay pellet mill
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