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floating fish feed formula

floating fish feed formula for catfish to make fish feed float on water

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Catfish feed requires certain nutrients that will help the farmer optimize the growth as well as increase the profit on their catfish farming business

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Catfish feed requires certain nutrients that will help the farmer optimize the growth as well as increase the profit on their catfish farming business. Below are the 4 classes of nutrients, in order of importance, essential in any feed formulation:

Protein: This class of nutrient is required for building body tissue and replacement of damaged tissue. It contains physiological molecules such as hormones and enzymes. It can be obtained from plants and animals.
Energy (Carbohydrate): This nutrition provides the energy needed for catfishes. Grains of cereals and cassavas are the major source of this nutrient.
Vitamins and minerals: Growth, health, and body process are controlled by this class of nutrition. For example, organic and inorganic chemicals are found in vitamin and minerals.
Fat: Fat contains vital fatty acids and also enhances energy delivery in feed.

floating fish feed formula

There is a need to understand nutritional contents of available feed ingredients so as to understand and select appropriately ingredients that will meet the nutritional needs of your catfish. Each class of nutrition is analyzed separately below:

Nutritional Level of Animal Proteins

Animal ProteinEnergy Level (mj/kg)Crude Protein (%)Fats (%)Calcium/Phosphorus (%)Methionine (%)Lysine (%)
Meat meal11.250 – 511080.72.6
Blood meal15.288 – 9010.40.67.1
Feather meal13.780 – 8570.40.62.3
Poultry meal13.160 – 64132.013.1
Fish meal555 – 7531.01.52

 

Nutritional Level of Plant Proteins

Plant ProteinProtein (%)Energy (cal/kg)Calcium (%)Lysine (%)Methionine (%)
Soybeans meal44 – 4825570.203.21.4
Cottonseed meal40 – 4123500.664.21.4
Sunflower Meal46 – 4722050.303.52.3
GNC45.6 – 61.838601.73.21.0

 

Nutritional Level of Energy Base Ingredients

IngredientsProtein (%)Energy (cal/kg)Calcium (%)Lysine (%)
Wheat1331530.050.5
Sorghum9.032630.020.3
Maize8 – 1132000.50.27
Cassava2.516011.60.07

 

From the nutritional table of certain feed ingredients, a sample of simple catfish feed formula can be generated thus:

Sample 1:

IngredientsQuantity (kg)
Maize/Wheat/Cassava Flour (any of the three)25kg
Soya/Sunflower/Cotton seed (Soya preferred)30kg
GNC/Benseed (either of the two)20kg
Fish (72%)25kg
Fish Premix0.5
Lysine0.1
Methionine0.1
Vitamin C0.1
Salt0.2
DCP1
TOTAL102kg

 

Sample 2:

IngredientsQuantity (kg)
Maize20
Poultry meal15
Fish meal (72%)10
Blood meal5
Soya30
GNC20
Fish premix0.5
Lysine0.1
Methionine0.1
Vitamin C0.1
Salt0.2
DCP1
TOTAL102kg

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