why caring for chickens in fall
what caring for chickens in fall? After continuous hot weather in summer, chickens have reduced appetite, poor digestion, weakness, slow growth and development, low weight, and reduced egg production rate. As we all know, the temperature and diurnal temperature difference in autumn and winter vary greatly.
Large-scale breeding requires the use of breeding equipment. It will give the chickens a warm and comfortable environment so that they can lay eggs better. In this article, we will give you advice on how to raise chickens in fall and what you should look out for when raising chickens in fall. and you can check our another post for 5 ways to prevent coop from wet in fall.
6 tips on how to raise chickens in fall
1. daily feeding management
1. The spirit, appetite and feces of the chickens should be observed during morning and evening feedings. Those with mental fatigue, loss of appetite and abnormal stools should be further isolated for examination.
2. Strengthen nutrition is the most important tips of how to raise chickens in fall, after autumn, hot and cold air alternates, and the temperature changes significantly. Special attention should be paid to adding multivitamins and trace elements to chicken feed and adding vitamin C to drinking water can reduce stress. For hens with long egg-laying time, if they are not carefully managed leading to physical exhaustion, they can easily stop laying and change their feathers. This is the time to improve the nutritional level of feed, properly supplement animal protein feed and multivitamins, and set up sufficient feed troughs and drinking water to ensure that each chicken has a suitable place to eat and drink.
3. By minimizing the impact of climate change on chickens when raising chickens in fall, the coop is small and the climate change is less, reducing the temperature difference between day and night. For broilers outdoors, they are herded into the shade or a cool shelter when the daytime temperature is too high, and indoors when the nighttime temperature is lower.
4. Chicken coop is important for chickens in the tips of how to raise chickens in fall requires dryness and good ventilation. Make the air in the chicken house fresh and odorless.
2. prevent disease
In autumn, the weather changes a lot in the morning and evening, and it is hot and cold suddenly, which is the high incidence of the following diseases. preventing disease is the most important tips of how to raise chickens in fall.
The chickens were still in good spirits, but their growth was slow, their crowns were pale, some of them had white streaks of feces or mucus, their feces contained undigested feed, and their feces were yellowish in color, and some chickens appeared depressed with shrunken heads. Trembling, running back and forth, easily screaming and then paralyzed, the incidence of chickens is around 1%, with residual chickens every day and a mortality rate of 0.5%.
① Isolation of sick chickens, removal of residual chickens, removal of bedding and thorough disinfection.
② Both insulation and ventilation should be taken care of.
③ It is recommended to use probiotics in the medication regimen, which can balance the ratio of anaerobic and aerobic bacteria, quickly replenish the beneficial flora and restore the intestinal function.
Avian Pasteurellosis (Avian Cholera)
① Acute type: Chickens suffer from acute diseases and die quickly, some die suddenly in the coop and some die in the laying box. The day before, it had a big appetite and was still in good spirits. The next day, the chickens were found dead in the coop. Some chickens showed symptoms a few hours before death. Depression, loneliness, loss of appetite, watering, closed neck, loose feathers, and sticky mouth and nose discharge. Diarrhea with discharge of gray or green dilute stools. There is dark purple cyanosis on the crown of the chicken before death, and the disease lasts for several hours or 1-3 days.
② Chronic type: Occurs in the late stages of acute epidemics or caused by less virulent strains. It is common to see lethargy, loss of appetite, weight loss, and sometimes persistent diarrhea in sick chickens. Some chickens have difficulty breathing, nasal discharge, and the secretions have a special odor. The crown of the chicken is pale, edematous, hardened, with cheese-like changes, or even necrosis and falling off. The joints are swollen, lame or paralyzed.
① Hygiene and epidemic prevention measures: usually strengthen the chicken feeding management, so that chickens maintain a strong resistance, and do a good job of epidemic prevention and disinfection. Once the disease occurs in chicken farms, in addition to timely drug control of chickens, The chicken coop, site and utensils contaminated by sick and dead chickens should be thoroughly cleaned and disinfected when raising chickens in fall. Newly introduced chickens should be isolated for half a month, and can be mixed and reared after observation of no disease.
② Drug prevention and treatment: Diseased chicken farms should be treated with drugs in time. Commonly used drugs are penicillin, chlortetracycline, norfloxacin, olaquindox, tetracycline, oxytetracycline, streptomycin, etc. The water mixing method, the mixing method and the one-by-one administration method can be used. However, for sick chickens that do not eat or drink, the injection method should be adopted (intramuscular injection of penicillin 50,000 to 100,000 units per chicken, twice a day for 2-3 days). In order to prevent bacteria from developing drug resistance, alternate medication can be taken, and attention should be paid to the duration and dosage of medication.
③ Immunization: immunization is greatly important of how to raise chickens in fall, if there is no epidemic of this disease in chicken farms, inoculation of bacteriocin is generally not required. Vaccination in endemic areas has a certain effect. There are attenuated vaccines and inactivated vaccines, which can be used optionally. Breeders and laying hens are vaccinated before laying eggs, but the immunization period of Pasteurella vaccine is very short, generally no more than 3 months.
Sick chickens have depressed mood, closed eyes, diarrhea and loss of appetite; feces are green, often bloody; chickens are anemic, lose weight, have pale crowns and slow growth; egg production rate drops sharply, thin-shelled eggs and soft-shelled eggs increase, and even stop laying.
① During the epidemic season, screens inside and outside the chicken coop should be sprayed with Malathion and other drugs to kill Culex mosquitoes and gnats and cut off the transmission route.
② Sick chickens were treated with 0.3% sulfadimethoxypyrimethamine or 0.1% cotrimoxazole for 5-6 days.
③ Use sulfaquinoxaline mixed with feed or drinking water.
④ Add 3-5 mg of vitamin K3 per liter of water for 10 days.
Chicken infectious rhinitis
The more obvious symptoms are facial swelling, plasma and mucus discharge from the nasal cavity and sinuses, conjunctivitis, swelling of the tissue around one orbit, severe blindness, and marked edema of the corns and inflammation of the upper respiratory tract. It spreads to the trachea and lungs. Presenting respiratory difficulties. Adult sick chickens have anorexia, closed eyes, lethargy, reluctance to move, plasma nasal discharge, posterior eyelids and facial edema, and purulent discharge from the nasal cavity. The growth of young chickens is hampered and egg production of laying hens is significantly reduced. The duration of the disease is usually 4-18 days, and the mortality rate is about 20%.
① Vaccination: The vaccines currently used in China are inactivated A vaccine and AC bivalent inactivated vaccine. The method of vaccination is according to the instruction.
② Feeding management: strengthen feeding management when raising chickens in fall, improve the ventilation of the chicken coop, reduce the ammonia content in the environment, implement an all-in, all-out feeding system, thoroughly disinfect the empty coop, and enter the new flock after the cessation of production. For a period of time, strengthen the sanitation and disinfection work inside and outside the chicken coop, these measures are important for the prevention and control of chicken diseases.
3. Prevention of mosquito-borne diseases
As we enter the autumn, the temperature is suitable and it is the period of mosquitoes and insects, and there is a high incidence of chicken blood parasites and chicken pox diseases. Pay attention to keep the water clean in the chicken farm, from the root to remove the breeding of mosquitoes. You can also choose to smoke some mosquito drugs to kill mosquitoes.
4. Intestinal health needs attention
The high humidity in autumn is the time when chickens are prone to intestinal diseases. In this case, you need to add intestinal beneficial flora to the feed, which can improve the digestion and absorption of the chickens when raising chickens in fall, and the chickens grow well, the benefits will naturally increase.
5. Detection of antibodies
detectiong antibodies is the most effective way to prevent disease among the tips of how to raise chickens in fall, It is a good idea to have a test done after the chickens have gone through the summer and the antibodies have dropped. In the season when Newcastle disease and other respiratory diseases are frequent, it is important to test the antibody potency in time and adjust the method of immunization in order to maximize the breeding benefit. If the immunity of laying hens decreases , it will naturally affect the egg production rate, which has a significant effect on improving egg production performance, and also regulates intestinal flora disorders and enhances the immunity of chickens.
6. Pay attention to the weight of laying hens when raising chickens in fall
in summer high temperature causes chickens to lose weight in all aspects of their bodies. when raising chickens in fall it is the time to gain weight and chicken farmers need to feed their chickens more to make up for the weight they lost over the summer. It is at this time that laying hens gain weight and increase egg production. It is advisable to check the growth of the flock at one or two week intervals during the egg laying period and feed the flock in the face of different flocks.