Ultimate Guide to Broiler Feed: Main Ingredients & Quality Nutrition


Raising broilers can be a profitable endeavor, but a significant portion of the budget is often consumed by feed costs. This comprehensive guide will teach you how to produce affordable yet nutritious broiler feed, answering key questions like “What is the feed ratio for broiler chickens?”, “How to make cheap broiler feed?”, “What food makes broilers grow faster?”, “What are the main ingredients in broiler feed?” and “Is grower feed good for broilers?”

The Importance of Feed Ratio for Broiler Chickens

The broiler feed ratio often referred to as the Feed Conversion Ratio (FCR) — is one of the most critical factors affecting the profitability and sustainability of broiler chicken farming. Simply put, FCR measures the efficiency with which chickens convert feed into body weight. A lower feed ratio for broiler chickens means that the chickens need less feed to gain a pound of body weight, indicating a more efficient and cost-effective feeding system.

Why is the Feed Ratio Important?

The feed ratio is not just a number; it’s an indicator of multiple factors:

  • Economic Viability: Feed usually accounts for about 60-70% of the total production costs in broiler farming. A more efficient feed ratio directly translates into cost savings.
  • Environmental Sustainability: Lower FCR means less waste production, contributing to a smaller environmental footprint.
  • Animal Welfare: An efficient feed ratio often correlates with better health and well-being of the birds.

Tips to Improve Feed Ratio

  • High Quality Feed: Use high quality feed that meets the nutrient requirements of broilers.
  • Regular Monitoring: Keep track of FCR by regularly weighing the birds and the feed they consume.
  • Optimal Feeding Times: Studies have shown that the timing of feeding can impact FCR.

Feed Ratio vs. Growth Speed

A quickly growing broiler doesn’t always have a good feed conversion ratio (FCR). Sometimes, fast growth can cause health problems like heart issues and leg troubles, which can make the feed ratio worse. So, finding a balanced way to manage growth and how efficiently the feed is used is important.

What is a Good Feed Ratio for Broilers?

Generally, a good feed ratio for broiler chickens ranges between 1.5 and 2.0. This can vary depending on the breed, health conditions, and management practices.

Main Ingredients in Broiler Feed to Make Broilers Grow Faster

Proper nutrition is crucial for the optimal growth and health of broiler chickens. Understanding the essential ingredients in broiler feed can help you make informed decisions, whether you’re buying commercial feed or making your own.

Energy Sources

  • Corn: A readily digestible carbohydrate source that provides energy.
  • Sorghum: An alternative to corn, slightly less efficient but can be more cost-effective.

Protein Sources

  • Soybean Meal: High in protein and amino acids, this is often the go-to protein source.
  • Fish Meal: Provides not just protein but also essential fatty acids, although it can be expensive.

Fibrous Ingredients

  • Wheat Bran: Adds fiber to the diet, aids in digestion.
  • Rice Hulls: An inexpensive fiber source but low in nutrients.

Minerals and Vitamins

  • Calcium: Usually supplied through crushed oyster shells or limestone.
  • Phosphorus: Important for bone formation and metabolic processes.

Fats and Oils

  • Vegetable Oils: Used to increase the energy density of the feed.
  • Animal Fats: Provide essential fatty acids but can spoil more quickly than vegetable oils.


  • Antibiotics: Sometimes used to promote growth, although this is becoming less common due to resistance issues.
  • Probiotics: A healthier alternative to antibiotics, helps maintain gut health.

Trace Elements

  • Copper: Important for bone development and feather growth.
  • Selenium: An antioxidant that supports the immune system.

A Balanced Approach to Feeding

Understanding the role each ingredient plays will enable you to create a balanced feed that meets the unique needs of your broiler chickens. The balance of these main ingredients in broiler feed can affect everything from the feed ratio to the long-term health of your birds.

Additional Recipes: Effective Homemade Feed Recipes for Broilers (Tabulated)

Choosing the right feed recipe can have a significant impact on your broilers’ health and growth. Below are tabulated recipes for homemade feeds that have shown effective results.

High-Protein Broiler Mix

IngredientPercentage (%)
Soybean Meal35
Wheat Bran15
Fish Meal7

Directions: Grind all the ingredients together and add vitamins and minerals as necessary.

Nutritional Benefits: High protein content for rapid growth, balanced amino acid profile.

Balanced Feed Mix

IngredientPercentage (%)
Rice Bran20
Poultry Meat Meal10
Oyster Shell4

Directions: Grind all the ingredients together and add essential minerals and vitamins.

Nutritional Benefits: Balanced nutrition, sufficient calcium from oyster shell for bone health.

Plant-Based Broiler Feed

IngredientPercentage (%)
Sunflower Meal25
Pea Protein15
Alfalfa Meal10

Directions: Grind and mix all components. Add a poultry-specific vitamin and mineral premix.

Nutritional Benefits: Suitable for farms aiming for plant-based feeding, lower fat content.

How to Make Cheap Broiler Feed

Producing inexpensive yet nutritionally balanced broiler feed is a priority for many poultry farmers. High feed costs can eat into profits, making it crucial to find cost-effective solutions. Here’s a guide on how to create cheap, but nutritionally complete, broiler feed.

Ingredient Selection for Cost-Efficiency

  • Corn and Sorghum: These grains are rich in carbohydrates and can be locally sourced at a lower cost.
  • Plant-Based Proteins: Consider using sunflower meal or pea protein as an economical alternative to soybean meal or fish meal.

Buy in Bulk

Buying main ingredients for broiler feed in bulk usually results in a lower cost per unit. However, ensure proper storage to prevent spoilage and infestations.

Local Sourcing

Sourcing ingredients locally can significantly reduce costs associated with transportation. This approach also supports local suppliers and can assure fresher, more reliable ingredients.

Recycling Kitchen Wastes

Certain kitchen wastes like vegetable peels and fruit scraps can be included in the feed in small amounts. Make sure these are free of salt, spices, or any harmful substances.

Optimize Nutrient Composition

  • Use a Feed Calculator: There are online tools and software that help you calculate the most balanced feed ratio, ensuring no wastage of nutrients.
  • Test Nutrient Levels: Regular testing can ensure that your homemade feed meets the necessary nutrient requirements.

Seasonal Adjustments

Certain main ingredients for broiler feed may be cheaper at different times of the year. Use seasonal products wisely to create a rotation of feeds that remain cost-effective year-round.

How to Make the Feed

Step 1: Source the Ingredients

  • Quality Control: The ingredients you use make all the difference. Ensure that you source high-quality grains, proteins, and supplements.
  • Local Suppliers: Try to source locally to cut down on costs and support local businesses.

Step 2: Storage Preparations

Before mixing the ingredients, ensure you have the appropriate storage solutions. Airtight containers made from food-grade materials are generally recommended.

Step 3: Measure and Weigh

Use a kitchen scale or other precise measuring tools to weigh each ingredient based on your formulated recipe.

Step 4: Grinding

  • Grains: A hammer mill or a specialized chicken feed grinder can be used to turn grains into a coarse or fine powder.
  • Proteins: If using whole protein sources like soybeans, they may need to be ground as well.

Step 5: Add Supplements and Additives

Include essential vitamins, minerals, and any other specialized supplements that your broilers may need. If using pellet binders or other additives, now is the time to add them.

Step 6: Mixing

Use a quality chicken feed mixer machine to mix the ingredients thoroughly. Even manual mixing can work but may be less efficient.

Step 7: Making Pellets

Use a feed pellet mill to turn the feed mixture into pellets. Ensure the pellets are adequately cooled and hardened before moving on to storage.

Step 8: Cooling Pellets

Cooling and screening process is also an important step of making making cheaper broiler feed,The granules from the granulator can be discharged at up to 88°C and 17-18% moisture. The temperature of the pellets must be lowered rapidly to achieve a moisture content of 10-12% or less for proper storage and handling.

Step 9: Packing Pellets

packing process is the last step of making cheaper broiler feed, after cooling, the pellets will be bagged or stored according to your needs and requirements. The packaging process is handled efficiently by our feed pellet packing machines.

Step 10: Storage

Store the pellets in a cool, dry place in well-sealed containers to maintain freshness and nutritional value.

Step 11: Labeling

For better feed management, label each container with vital information such as the production date and list of ingredients.

Grower Feed vs. Broiler Feed: Understanding the Differences

When raising chickens, picking the right food is key for the best growth and health. If you’re new to chicken farming, you might think “grower feed” and “broiler feed” are the same thing. But they’re not; they serve different roles and have different ingredients. Here, we explain the differences between grower feed and broiler feed to help you make smarter choices for your chickens.

CriteriaGrower FeedBroiler Feed
Nutritional RequirementsBalanced for growth, but not as concentrated as broiler feed.Formulated for rapid growth with higher levels of protein and energy.
Protein LevelsTypically contains 16-18% protein.Higher protein levels, usually ranging from 20-24%.
Application TimeframeProvided from the age of 6-8 weeks until the chicken is mature or nearing laying age.Used from around 3 weeks of age for rapid weight gain.
Cost ImplicationsGenerally less expensive due to lower concentrations of high-cost proteins and fats.More expensive due to premium ingredients required for rapid growth.
Other IngredientsMay include nutrients for skeletal development and general well-being.Likely to contain performance enhancers and higher levels of essential amino acids.

Understanding Nutrient Breakdowns for Different Feed Options

Nutrition is a key component in raising healthy, fast-growing broilers. Below, you’ll find a comparative nutritional chart that breaks down the main ingredients for broiler feed with various feed options you may consider for cost-effective yet quality broiler raising.

Commercial Broiler Feed

NutrientContent (%)

Homemade Feed with Soy and Corn

NutrientContent (%)

Feed with Local Ingredients

NutrientContent (%)

Grower Feed (For Comparison)

NutrientContent (%)

Key Takeaways

  • Protein: Aim for a protein content around 18-23% for optimal growth.
  • Fat: A fat content of 4-6% is ideal for energy.
  • Fiber: Keep this low, as chickens are primarily carnivorous and excess fiber can be detrimental.
  • Calcium and Phosphorus: These minerals are crucial for bone development and overall health.

Understanding the nutrient content of different feed options will enable you to make informed decisions when trying to make affordable broiler feed. Tailor your homemade feed by supplementing it with the necessary vitamins and minerals to ensure balanced nutrition for your flock.

Tips to Accelerate Broiler Growth: Maximizing Your Poultry Production

Growing broiler chickens for meat means paying attention to many things that help them grow quickly and stay healthy. By using some smart methods, you can make your broilers grow better and get more value for your money. Here, we share some tips from experts to help speed up broiler growth.

Optimal Feeding

  • High-Quality Feed: Make sure the broilers have constant access to high quality feed specifically designed for their fast growth.
  • Feed Timing: Multiple smaller meals throughout the day can facilitate better digestion and absorption of nutrients.

Controlled Environment

  • Temperature: Maintain a consistent and comfortable temperature in the broiler house. Chicks need warmth to grow optimally.
  • Lighting: Broilers grow better with controlled light schedules. Constant light can lead to stress, affecting growth adversely.

Proper Health Management

  • Vaccination: Ensure timely vaccinations to prevent common diseases.
  • Regular Check-ups: Regular health check-ups can catch any potential issues before they become major problems.

Adequate Water Supply

  • Clean Water: Always provide access to clean and fresh water. Dehydration can lead to poor growth and health issues.
  • Supplements: Consider adding essential vitamins and minerals to the water.

Regular Exercise

Though broilers are bred for rapid growth, a bit of regular movement can help in better metabolic rates and nutrient absorption.

Monitor Weight and Growth

Regular weighing and record-keeping will help you adjust your strategies based on actual performance data.

Use of Supplements

  • Probiotics: Can aid in digestion.
  • Amino Acids: Supplements like lysine and methionine can boost protein synthesis.

By applying these methods, you can expect to see notable improvements in your broilers growth rates and overall well-being. However, it’s crucial to tailor these suggestions to fit your specific circumstances and consult a veterinarian for any health concerns.

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